By Dr Nigel Miles
Suggested organisation name: Carn Brea Naturegain Biosphere Community. (CBNBC)*
Overall Vision: Carn Brea Naturegain is a programme of proactive initiatives to fully promote a project, comparable with the concept of a UN Biosphere Reserve (Ref 1) which in this case will be denoted as the Carn Brea Naturegain Biosphere Community (CBNBC).
This will establish the fact that Carn Brea is a pathfinding area of West Cornwall which has the opportunity to regenerate an area now devoid of respective biological diversity, which was abundant historically and to promote awareness of a transformatory connection between our local ecology and economy.
All economic activities are dependent on an ecological base focused in this particular situation on Carn Brea which is legally 40 ha. of territory belonging to the people of Cornwall administered by Cornwall Unitary Authority and Carn Brea Parish Council in which it is located entirely. At CBNCB we now have the opportunity to integrate “ecological regeneration” with community economic sustainability by:
Creating a local green economy that involves carbon assimilation (photobiotic sequestration) of atmospheric carbon dioxide and associated “climate change gases” which will be achieved by supporting the planting a natural community woodland which was an accepted feature of the landscape in past historical times and allowing the expansion of its natural biological diversity in line with EU regulation under System Natura, and confirmed by Natural England
The excess carbon assimilated from the atmosphere into the developing natural woodland will have a biological diversity-ecological-ecosystem services – green economic-natural wealth contribution locally:
- As legitimate carbon credits: (500 carbon tonnes per annum over 40ha, or at 12.5c/t per ha/yr)
- There will be partial funding under the Local Economic Partnership (in association with support from Cornwall Unitary Authority) to support initially (and until self-sustainable):
- The creation of an educational centre at the southern boundary of the biosphere community to develop a greater understanding of the natural ecological wealth together with expanding the human historical legacy within this World Heritage and Conservation Site.
- The encouragement for an increase in sharing the ideas for a living green economy into the local community via a veritable expansion for visitor accommodation and associated income opportunities necessitating green economic regeneration. This will support other aspects for further “ecological expansion”; local sustainable resources to support this new strategy-development
- The direct economic promotion of many local micro businesses, such as a tree nursery and a similar for permaculture plants (e.g. natural fruit and nut trees) and the production of sustainably obtained bracken briquettes to be used as a sustainable local green biomass energy and building resource.
- Nature expeditions for interested groups for wildlife watching-observation and study of all our newly developing natural woodland with its plethora of biological diversity via a cognitive ecological literacy awareness education programme for all in our society. This will include primary, secondary schools and tertiary education establishments, together with all green wildlife directed organisations locally, nationally and globally.
- Community associated countryside link activities will make accessible CBNBC for general walkers, ramblers and cyclists (in certain areas of the southern boundary) by the Great Load Cycle-Ramblers Way). Access to CBNBC will be provided by the current measures together with a community Park and Ride system-scheme from central locations and on route as and where necessary.
- Academic research for under and post graduate students in biological diversity, ecological science and methodological landscape ecology/ environmental geography and historical archaeology at CBNBC will be axiomatic. These will be integrated with community economic needs and will enhance the micro ecological-economic evolution as advocated above.
The UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR) covers internationally designated protected areas, each known as biosphere reserves, that are meant to demonstrate a balanced relationship between people and nature (e.g. encourage sustainable development).
Launched in 1971, UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) is an Intergovernmental Scientific Programme that aims to establish a scientific basis for the improvement of relationships between people and their environments.
MAB combines the natural and social sciences, economics and education to improve human livelihoods and the equitable sharing of benefits, and to safeguard natural and managed ecosystems, thus promoting innovative approaches to economic development that are socially and culturally appropriate, and environmentally sustainable.
Its World Network of Biosphere Reserves currently counts 651 biosphere reserves in 120 countries all over the world. They are designated by national registration.
*The CBNBC is to be a term nominated for such status and be granted a Biosphere Community designation. It is a unique description and will be based on local recognition, hopefully to be supported by the people of Cornwall.
The MAB Reserve terminology is recognised legally in the United Kingdom.
Biosphere reserves are areas comprising terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems. Each reserve promotes solutions reconciling the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use. Biosphere reserves are nominated by national governments and remain under the sovereign jurisdiction of the states where they are located. Their status is internationally recognised.
Biosphere reserves are ‘Science for Sustainability support sites’ – special places for testing interdisciplinary approaches to understanding and managing changes and interactions between social and ecological systems, including conflict prevention and management of biodiversity. Biosphere reserves have three interrelated zones that aim to fulfill three complementary and mutually reinforcing functions:
• The core area(s) comprises a strictly protected ecosystem that contributes to the conservation of landscapes, ecosystems, species and genetic variation.
• The buffer zone surrounds or adjoins the core areas, and is used for activities compatible with sound ecological practices that can reinforce scientific research, monitoring, training and education.
• The transition area is the part of the reserve where the greatest activity is allowed, fostering economic and human development that is socio-culturally and ecologically sustainable.
• The North Devon MAB Reserve is closest physically to CBNBC, is centred on Braunton Burrows and is the core of the country’s first newly-designated Man and the Biosphere Reserve (MAB Reserve). There five others are in recognisable locations.
1. I am still awaiting a response from Phil Mathers, Tree Warden and Carn Brea Parish Councillor regarding
the involvement of English Heritage.
2. The Royal Cornwall Museum are considering the opportunity of their involvement at this current time and will return
a response ASAP.
3. The information regarding North Devon MAB Reserve is described as above and further information can be identified
on their specific website.
4. Please refer to the original Carn Brea introductory summary as provided for Future4 Cornwall to establish a more
detailed expose of this project’s fundamental concept.]
(Dr.) Nigel Miles
Consultant with Future4Cornwall
Ecological Literacy Awareness Advisor.